Cancer, also known as malignancy, is an unusual spurt or growth of cells. There are more than 100 types that fall under the group of cancer some of the popular ones being breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer and as we mentioned the list goes on. Development of cancer in the body takes place when the body’s control mechanism stops functioning leading to unusual and abnormal growth of the cells. The old cells do not die in this process which is also an abnormal and major sign of cancer
Cancer can affect any part of the body. As mentioned above - In female breast cancer and in male prostate cancer are most common of all. Along with both, lung and colorectal cancer are commonly found among those who are affected. In general, cancers are segregated under 5 categories which are mentioned below:
Usually, cancer cannot be attributed to a single cause however the common reason behind it is the accumulated damage caused to the cell which is triggered in a long run by chance or by exposure to a cancer-causing agent. Agents of substance which cause cancer are also known as carcinogens which can be either a substance, certain molecules, radionuclide or radiation which promotes a process known as carcinogenesis, a.k.a formation process of cancer
Symptoms vary depending on the type of cancer however the warning signs are common amongst various types of cancer
However, these can also be symptoms of flu however it is best that you seek a diagnosis of the same
1. Cancer Screening: It is best if cancer is diagnosed at the early stages as it provides the best chance to cure cancer. Your doctor will recommend what type of screening would be required.
2. Cancer Diagnosis: Your doctor may recommend one or more approaches to diagnose cancer.
Once the cancer is detected, the doctor will then check the stage, grade or extent to which the cancer is progressed depending on which the doctor determines the treatment option along with the chances of the cancer cures. Usually, the grades are marked on the scale if 1 to 4 in roman numerals ( i.e I - IV ). 1st being the initial stage and 4th being the most advanced stage.
There are many cancer treatment options depending upon the stage, type and location of cancer:
Surgery: The goal of surgery is to remove cancer or tumour as much as possible, We have successfully treated more than 1,000 cancer patients since we have the team and experts best in the whole of Pune.
Other Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, Immunotherapy, Hormone therapy, Targeted drug therapy and many more.
The treatment option depends on various factors and goals which are mentioned below: